Flivver Interventions Reading Strategies
This page was developed as a resource for middle school and high school teachers to improve student reading comprehension in all disciplines. These resources were compiled from a variety of websites, teacher resources, and teacher collaboration. When known, credit is given to the source.
An identified area of academic concern from many high school teachers is the discrepancy between students' oral reading and reading comprehension abilites. We, as teachers, often assume because a student can "read" the material in a high school course, the student can understand the material. This is not necessarily the case. Likewise, the perception exists that by the time students reach high school teachers should no longer need to provide reading instruction to students. This is also not the case. Understanding visual and analytic texts is a skill that students need in their everyday lives and it is a skill that needs to be taught. As the rigor of the texts increases, so must teachers' instruction of comprehension strategies. Integrating literacy strategies into content instruction will help students to make explicit connections between those strategies and content learning. EVERY teacher in EVERY subject can help EVERY student reach his or her potential by TEACHING students how to be better readers. The resources compiled here are designed to help secondary education teachers provide their students with the tools to succeed.
Because vocabulary has such a strong correlation to comprehension, providing your students with a variety of tools to improve academic vocabulary will make them stronger readers and better overall students. As always, modeling these tools is essential to student success.
Knowledge Rating Scale
Use this graphic organizer to determine student familiarity with vocabulary words. You may want to use this to guide your instruction. (Source: Milford High School RTI)
The Frayer Model....and all its Variations
The Frayer Model "instructional strategy promotes critical thinking and helps students to identify and understand unfamiliar vocabulary. The Frayer Model can be used with the entire class, small groups, or for individual work. The Frayer Model draws on a student's prior knowledge to build connections among new concepts and creates a visual reference by which students learn to compare attributes and examples" ("Frayer Model." All About Adolescent Literacy. adlit.org.) Below are a variety of resources for incorporating this tried and true method into every classroom. (Source: Milford High School RTI)
Use this graphic organizer to help students synthesize new information. Through breaking new vocabulary words into smaller, more manageable concepts, the words will be more likely to remain in students' memories. (Source: Milford High School RTI)
Vocabulary Strategies A Plenty....
This document is AWE-SOME! From vocabulary logs to vocabulary games, from graphic organizers to practice activities, the information in this one resource will help set you and your students on the path to academic success.
Textbook Comprehension Strategies
A barrier to students' reading comprehension is often a lack of understanding of the textbook itself. We teachers often assume that a student who can read can also read and understand their academic textbooks. We teachers owe it to our students to give them as much support as possible in learning how to navigate their textbooks and read for academic purposes. These strategies can help.
This article summarizes a few tried and true methods for helping students understand the material in their textbooks. This article provides results driven strategies including: PLAN, scaffolding, and Story Pyramid. (Source: http://www.ernweb.com/)